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Thread: Octane Boost

  1. #1
    David 1 FAST VE's Avatar
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    Jun 2005
    Southaven, MS

    Octane Boost

    I have had this for a while and figured some of you may want to read it.

    Octane Boosters

    Typed Version of the Article:

    Octane boosters are popular in the performance scene because they often
    regain power last through detonation. Sold for around $25 in a handy bottle,
    they're a convenient fuel additive and horsepower helper. But with so much
    brands on the market, you may be fooled into thinking they're all as
    effective as each other. Which they're not! Differing chemical compounds,
    additives and even volumes, mixed in with a good percentage of advertising,
    'independent" testing and testimonials all conspire to confuse the consumer
    away from the single most important paint: does it improve the octane

    Let's see what's worth it in octane boosters.


    The boys at "The Macquarie Library" describe detonation as: "Excessively
    rapid burning of the fuel mixture, often caused by auto-ignition due to
    excessive temperatures in the combustion chamber, incorrect ignition timing,
    lean mixtures, too high a compression ratio or unsuitable fuel," - as in
    too-low an octane rating.

    Heard as a faint, metallic rattle, detonation is accompanied by a loss of
    power and can cause serious damage to piston crowns.

    The significance of detonation is such that many companies produce fuel
    additives designed to increase the inherent octane rating of a given fuel.
    The proliferation of octane boosters has in part come about in recent times
    thanks to low quality Australian fuels. White or "Super" leaded fuel has
    been reduced from 98 to 95-96 octane, Premium Unleaded has also dropped to a
    minimum of 95 octane. And this presents a problem for high-performance cars
    designed to run on higher octane European or 100 octane Japanese fuel.
    Japanese import performance cars, Subaru's STI WRX for example, runs an ECU
    program for 100 octane, but sometimes detonates on our Australian PULP.

    All engines are different though and with Honda's S2000 2.0-litre engine
    running a high 11.0:1 compression ratio, it relies on advanced engine
    management as much as quality fuel. But it can sustain its power on PULP.
    And of course any turbo owner who has experimented with boost will know if
    you run too much, it will detonate, so improving the octane is vital for
    maximum performance.

    We must state that unless an engine is detonation through low RON fuel,
    octane boosters have little use. However, in a turbo or high compression
    application, the inclusion of a better grade of fuel allows the engine
    management system to optimize ignition timing and fueling.


    For this test we tracked down nine different makes and models of octane
    boosters, two fuel "additive," a straight race fuel and a drum of Toluene.
    Where there were several different "levels" of octane boosters in the one
    brand, we chose the strongest version.

    The biggest claims the bottles have is the amount of "points" they claim to
    increase. This is ambiguous as a "point" can relate to either 1.0 RON
    (Research Octane Number) octane points, or 0.1RON octane points.

    The list of entrants in our octane Olympics included:

    STP Octane Booster
    Wynns Octane 10+ Power Booster,
    Amsoil Series 2000 Octane Boost,
    Super 104+ Octane Booster,
    VP C5 Fuel Additive,
    ELF HTX 330 Racing Fuel Stabilizer,
    Nulon Pro Strength Octane Booster,
    PowerFuel Super Street Nitro Based,
    PowerFuel Max Race Nitro Based,
    NF Octane Booster Racing Formula,
    NOS Octane Booster Racing Formula,
    VP Motorsport 103 Unleaded Racing Fuel


    To conduct these tests we contracted independent laboratory Intertek Testing
    Services, who would test our products on a knock engine.

    We had to also find a base fuel to add our boosters to so we went to the
    closest public petrol station, a Shell on the outward-bound side of the
    Westgate Bridge in Melbourne.

    Being a performance-based test, we chose premium unleaded fuel as this
    represents the most common high performance fuel (ie: if you start with
    regular unleaded, you're wasting money!). We should add that "some" boosters
    would have improved the octane rating of regular unleaded proportionately
    more than our tests with PULP.

    With a RON rating at a minimum of 95, we first established the exact octane
    of the PULP. The biggest surprise was our randomly select Shell resulted in
    a quite high 96-8 RON.

    We precisely measured and mixed each additive to the PULP, according to each
    manufacturer's recommendations and specs and poured each into the knock
    engine's tank. The compression ratio was then slowly increased until it
    started to knock, gaining a threshold of detonation and subsequently a
    maximum RON rating.

    Of less importance but still worth mentioning is the design of the bottles:
    since most people will be pouring it straight into a tank, the design of a
    bottle is important to prevent any spillage on paintwork causing damage.

    So let's look at the results!



    Octane points

    It's very easy to confuse octane ratings as there are a number of separate
    international standards. MON (Motor Octane Number) is the number derived
    from a fuel when it's applied to a test engine run at 3000rpm rather than
    600rpm and higher inlet temps and ignition advance. The Australian importer
    of 104+, Andrew Holdsworth, suggested MON is seen as a more real-world test.

    Though none of the fuel companies promote the MON figure which is normally
    between 7 and 10 numbers less than RON (Research Octane Number).

    Intertek's Graeme Marks believes RON provides the general public with an
    idea of which additive works more effectively. And being the most
    commonly-used reference, we've used RON for all our tests.


    PowerFuel Super Street Nitro Based

    946ml treats 35 litres RRP: $35

    Right from the start, we were told PowerFuel's additives weren't necessarily
    octane boosters, but horsepower helpers. We kept this in mind when testing
    both the products, but of the two only the Super Street claimed it was
    specifically designed to increase the octane rating of PULP. With a
    20-percent nitro mix, Super Street Nitro-Based still improved octane ever so
    slightly (0.2RON) but the real test for these two would come on the dyno



    PowerFuel MaxRace Nitro Based

    946ml treats 35 litres RRP: $45

    Containing another 15 percent more nitromethane than the SuperStreet
    formula, MaxRace doesn't claim to increase octane, but the verbal
    recommendation was the same, ie: its main characteristic is to boost
    horsepower, not octane. For a fair comparison of these two additives, you
    need to look at the power they produce. As for octane, it proved very
    similar toe the SuperStreet formula bumping up octane ever so slightly.



    STP Octane Booster

    350ml treats 57 litres RRP: $10.95

    One of the cheapest of the group, the STP was also one of the hardest to
    find. Auto stores either didn't stock it, or had simply run out! Claiming to
    increase the octane 2-5 points, in a well-designed-for-pouring bottle, the
    STP - used in the ratio determined by the label - improved the octane
    marginally by just over half a point. A little disappointing unless you
    interpret STP's claim actually meant 0.2-0.5 points. Then it's a good



    Wynns Octane 10+ Power Booster

    325ml treats 60 litres RRP: $10

    The Wynns was the cheapest of the lot and claimed an increase between two
    and five points, again not actually listing what a "point" related to.
    Strangely though the 10+ could indicate 1RON and if this is the case going
    by our tests it almost lived up to its name. It didn't quite live up to its
    claims however, increasing the octane rating by 0.8RON.



    Super 104+ Octane Boost

    473ml treats 83 litres RRP: $25.95

    The acknowledged winner of all previous testing in this country, Super
    104+'s bottle stated we should expect an increase between four and seven
    point. With a new formula introduced about 12 months ago, identified by an
    "Eagle" logo on the back of the bottle, the Super 104+ seems to have lost
    its edge with a marginal gain of just less than 1.0RON.



    VP Racing C5

    355ml treats 75 litres RRP: $19.95

    VP has a strong reputation with fuels and its high octane formulas are very
    popular (VP?) with drag racers. VP Racing's C5 Fuel Additive lacked any
    indication of contents nor claims, but the C5 additive still provided a
    reasonable increase of 1.3RON.



    NOS Octane Booster Racing Formula

    355ml treats 60 litres RRP: $28

    NOS, a relatively new octane booster, comes in "1/10th" scale bottles
    designed to emulate the actual nitrous bottles of its successful NOS
    systems. The Racing Formula is the strongest of three concentrates and
    containing Hydrotreated Aliphatics and Methylcyclopentadienyl Manganese
    Tricarbonyl (try saying that 10 times in a row), it contains a lead
    replacement which NOS claims increases the octane rating by as much as seven
    points. Obviously not recommended for street use, it also included with a
    handy pouring spout. In testing, it proved a good result improving the
    octane rating by almost 2RON.

    OCTANE IMPROVEMENT: 98.6 (+1.8 RON) as much as 7 points


    ELF 330 Fuel Stabilizer

    1000ml treats 50 litres RRP: $45

    "If you spill it on your paintwork, don't rub it off - rinse it with water"
    were our works of warning. We were also told to "pre-mix" the ELF before
    adding it in a fuel tank (which with this test we were doing anyway) as the
    ELF has a tendency to settle to the bottom of fuel if it's either not mixed
    properly or left to sit. This was made somewhat more difficult by the design
    of the bottle, which tends to drip when pouring. With some nasty stuff known
    as Aniline, the ELF doesn't claim any numbers, and provided a decent 1.8 RON
    point improvement.



    Amsoil Series 2000 Octane Boost

    354ml treats 57 litres RRP: $23

    Recommended for off-road and racing use, the Amsoil Series 2000 claimed to
    increase the octane rating by up to seven points. It came up a little short,
    but still proved surprisingly good with a full 2.0RON improvement. And good
    enough for the bronze medal in our Octane Booster Olympics.



    Toluene (Toluol)

    20 litres treats 100 litres RRP: $48

    Since toluene (pronounced toll-you-een - also known as methyl benzine) isn't
    a commercially advertised octane booster. We were unsure of exactly what
    ratio to mix the clear Toluene to the fuel, with recommendations between 10
    and 30 percent. From personal experience, we have seen high percentages
    increase octane even further, though 30 percent is considered the maximum.
    Available only from various fuel distributors (it is a special order through
    services stations), under advice we ran a 20 percent mix (quite a lot more
    than the others) and saw an impressive improvement of 2.5 RON, for the
    silver medal.



    NF Octane Booster Racing Formula

    250 ml treats 80 litres RRP: $29.95

    Time for an Aussie-made product. From Perth, the NF Octane Booster Racing
    Formula was the smallest bottle in the field, but looking at the mixing
    ratio, also the strongest NF relies on an incredibly small dose - a mere 3
    percent! Claiming to increase octane as much as 6.0 RON, NF took the gold
    medal in a surprising tie. If it were a split decision based on
    concentration though, it would be the clear winner.



    Nulon Pro Strength Octane Booster

    500 ml treats 60 litres RRP: $20.95

    Note: Also available in four-litre container for $110

    The Australian-made Nulon Pro Strength Octane Booster is the top of the
    range Nulon fuel product, claiming to boost octane "up to seven number". The
    Pro Strength gained a test-winning, gold-medal-gaining and Nf-equalling
    2.8RON increase. And at $21, it's good value too!


    VP Motorsport 103 fuel

    Used straight fuel (20-litre minimum) RRP: $70

    Purely for interest, we decided to also test a straight racing fuel. While
    there are a number available (such as ELF) for no particular reason we chose
    VP. The highest octane VP fuel which was still totally street-legal was the
    Motorsport 103. Working out at $3.50 per litre and "designed for maximum
    power and throttle response", the VP was very impressive with an octane
    rating of 107RON - more than 10RON points more than PULP. Obviously more
    expensive than the boosters, if octane is problem, racing fuel like VP may
    be the answer.


    As the name suggests, a knock engine is designed to test the detonation or
    anti-knock rating of fuels and fuel additives. It's a slow revving engine
    capable of running most fossil fuels through an adjustable compression
    ratio. As the comp ratio increases, it accurately measures the intensity of
    the knock and determines the fuel's octane rating.

    The world standard is a one-cylinder two-valve four-stroke engine with
    exposed valve gear. Archaic in appearance, a carby is fed from any one of
    three fuel bowls to allow three different fuels to be run back to back. The
    mixture is actually controlled via gravity feed and by raising or lowering
    the float level of each bowl!

    Run under load via a belt-drive linking the flywheel and load system, it
    ensures a real world situation and ensuring minimal variation between tests,
    oil temperature, intake air density and air temperature are all monitored
    and controlled.

    The engine is somewhat agricultural, however its unique ability to vary the
    compression ratio while running between 5.0:1 and 15.0:1 is quite amazing.
    The operator simply winds a handle and the entire head and cylinder assembly
    moves up and down relative to the crankshaft.

    A knock sensor measures both the frequency and intensity of the ping (as
    displayed on a knock metre). Figures are then cross-referenced on a chart
    using the information provided by the knock meter, plus the height of the
    head and barrel.

    Finally, knock intensity is figured in and the fuel's octane rating

    Taking two hours to warm, this $200,000 engine is super robust and rarely
    needs rebuilding. Individual tests can then proceed at approximately $120
    per test sample.

    Being subjected to so much detonation, you can only imagine how much
    maintenance an engine of this nature must need. Interestingly, this isn't
    the case as the piston and rod assembly are rejects from a monstrous ship
    engine (just kidding)! They're frigging huge with the incredibly thick
    piston crown contributing to a combined gudgeon pin and piston weight of
    1794 grams! Likewise, the rod weighs an astonishing 1929 grams. The bottom
    line is these engines which have replacement value of over $200,000 and
    almost never require rebuilding.


    Ultimately, the role of an octane booster, is to regain horsepower lost
    through detonation or retarded ignition timing due to detonation. But two of

    our products, the nitro additives, weren't specifically designed to increase
    octane. Instead, they contain a mix of nitromethane (the petrol Top Fuellers
    run) in a "percentage" concentrate. Power Fuel's Super Street and Max Race
    additives has 20-percent and 35-percent nitro respectively, and the
    Australian importer specifically claimed they would increase power, not
    necessarily octane.

    So, we took those two products, and the two best-performing octane boosters
    to MRT Performance for some Dyno Dynamics dyno testing. Interestingly, we
    were going to use MRT's rally Civic, which normally runs on avgas. On PULP -
    even with the booster - it was pinging too much, so a Jap-spec EF Honda
    Civic was used with a 1.6-litre VTEC and about 10.0:1 comp ratio.

    The graphs tell the story though, and to be fair to the products, with
    variables such as heat soak, the results weren't as conclusive as could be
    gained from an engine dyno. But that is not to say the products don't work.
    As our test prove, they do, but it's not as easily measured on a chassis
    dyno. Plus the Civic had no detonation problems on PULP, further hampering
    the "apparent" effectiveness of the boosters.

    With changes too small to accurately measure, we would suggest if your
    engine is sensitive to octane, a booster is for you. If not, try the nitro
    or racing fuels.


    Both the Nulon Pro Strength and the NF Racing Formula rated the best octane
    boosters in our test. And considering that less NF was needed than Nulon, it
    evens out a little with a slightly higher cost. Still, both proved extremely
    effective at increasing octane, even outranking Toluene, which needs much
    higher levels of concentration. The VP Motorsport 103 fuel was an
    interesting exercise, and if a little more effort (ie: buying it from the
    selected outlets) is worth the octane, it's a good representative of what to
    expect from straight racing fuel. As for the nitro additives, if you're not
    experiencing any type of detonation, they're definitely worth a try. So
    whether you detonate or not, we've found a fuel additive for you!

    Material courtesy of Fast Fours Magazine Nov/Dec 1999.
    The originator of this message has allowed it to be forwarded under the Australian electronic mail legislation

  2. #2
    I posted it quite some time ago, repeatedly actually

    More of that "Amsoil junk" according to Richard I'm sure...

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